Dutch vs. English? York County debate still perking in 1920s
The Ripplet is the only newspaper to publish from Spring Grove, operating from 1897 to 1922. The present-day Historical Ripplet, newsletter of the Spring Grove Area Historical Preservation Society Spring Grove Area Historical Preservation Society, was founded in 1987 and is celebrating its 20th anniversary this year. This view of the home of two Glatfelter families appeared in the Historical Ripplet. Background posts: Spring Grove Museum display horse gas mask and more and ‘Persons should not be too modest’.
York countians fought culture and language wars through most of the 19th century.
That was probably not surprising to many people who know that the Pennsylvania Dutch language vs. English debate encompassed homes, schools, churches and communities.
German speakers gradually died off, although some people alive today in York County can speak the dialect.
But what might surprise some is that the debate through the first quarter of the 20th century, as I detailed in a recent York Sunday News column, Language wars nothing new
The Ripplet, a Spring Grove newspaper and the Historical Ripplet, a present-day newsletter issued by the Spring Grove Historical Preservation Society, provided ample material to frame the debate.
In researching “Never to be Forgotten”, I ran across newspaper accounts of a language battle involving York’s St. John Lutheran Church.
The use of English in one of the Sunday morning services at the church caused opponents to file a lawsuit in the early 1900s.
The litigation suggested, probably with accuracy, that English services would lead to eventual elimination of German services. Further, the use of English violated the congregational charter.
Some members of the congregation fixed that, changing the charter and resuming English services.
In 1922, 31 members who opposed the change responded.
They formed a new congregation in York known as Good Shepherd Lutheran Church.
That was less than 100 years ago.
(Newspaper clippings found in
“The Spring Grove Years, 1882-1982.”)