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Abraham Lincoln and his presidency is rightly remembered in this 150th season after his Gettysburg Address. But another proclamation 150 years ago helped shaped America today. His Thanksgiving Proclamation in 1863 established Thanksgiving as a national holiday, the last Thursday in November. President Franklin D. Roosevelt later established it as the fourth Thursday.

With all the well-deserved attention on Dedication Day observances at the National Cemetery in Gettysburg, it’s a due step to explore the nearby Evergreen cemetery as well. An Evening Sun story notes that people known to us from the Civil War era are buried there. ‘That list includes notable historic figures like Elizabeth Thorn who, while six months pregnant, buried 91 soldiers in the weeks following the Battle of Gettysburg; Jennie Wade, the only civilian killed in the battle; and John Burns, the only Gettysburg civilian to fight in the battle,’ the Hanover, Pa., newspaper reported. ‘Sam Cobean, a famous cartoonist known for his work in the New Yorker, Pittsburgh Steelers lineman Steve Corson, Hall of Fame baseball player Eddie Plank and poet Maryann Moore are among the buried.’ Of course, Evergreen is known because of its distinctive gatehouse seen in so many Gettysburg photos. And now it’s known for a soundtrack ‘Beyond the Gatehouse,’ which tells the cemetery’s story. The project’s mastermind is Brian Kennell, superintendent of Evergreen, seen here. So, Civil War students and visitors can now not only see the gatehouse, but also hear about it.

Remember the York Daily Record’s ‘Remember’ series? It’s become quite an archive of York County, Pa., oral history. Memories of Woodstock are on there. Same with York County cigarmaking. Now come memories of John F. Kennedy and that day 50 years ago (on Nov. 23) when he was slain. That day will be forever burned into our memory.

An Abraham Lincoln re-enactor does not speak, but listens in the Nov. 19 observance of the 150th anniversary of the Gettysburg Address. Events linked to the 150th continue this week in Gettysburg, Pa.

Presidents are in the news this week. Nov. 19 is famously the anniversary of Abraham Lincoln’s Gettysburg Address. That was 150 Nov. 19s ago. Here, a newspaper photograph shows candidate John F. Kennedy addressing a York Fair audience in September 1960. On Nov. 23, this coming Saturday, the world will observe the 50th anniversary of his assassination. Both men gained their presidencies 100 years apart. Both were assassinated in office, Lincoln the first and Kennedy, we hope, the last.

The German Reformed Church Cemetery in Hanover, Pa., was the site of 11 Union fighting men who fell in the Battle of Hanover on June 30, 1863. Their bodies were later exhumed and reburied in the national cemetery in Gettysburg, the site of Gettysburg Address 150 observances this week. But back in Hanover, the historical cemetery has fallen on hard times. “Instead of the flowers and flags one might think would adorn a historic burial plot, Hanover’s German Reformed Cemetery is a cluster of nearly illegible stones, toppled and cracked in a lonely lot on School Avenue behind Trinity United Church of Christ,” the Evening Sun in Hanover reported.

This is the scene from York County, Pa.’s, Hanover Junction believed to have been made by a photographer on the day that Abraham Lincoln traveled through York County to Gettysburg to deliver his Nov. 19, 1863, address. Yorkblogger Scott Mingus writes about this series of photos on his Cannonball blog, and here’s a bit more about a photo that some believe shows Abraham Lincoln at the station. Three York/Adams’ train stations, remembered here, hosted Lincoln on his way to and from his famous speech.

This is one of York County, Pa.’s most enduring controversies. Is that Abraham Lincoln wearing the stovepipe hat in the center of this photo? The president changed trains on his way to and from Gettysburg, which means he would have have been available for this photo op. But some contemporary observers believe the man below the top hat is Hanover Branch railroader A.W. Eichelberger. As is the case here, Abe’s relationship with York County is often out of synch.

Many people today remember being in the audience when John F. Kennedy visited the York, Pa., Fair in his quest for the presidency in 1960. Not as well remembered was the visit by his GOP opponent, Richard M. Nixon, to York a couple of weeks later. The 50th anniversary of Kennedy’s death is Nov. 23.