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A short test of your women’s history knowledge

annaAnna Dill Gamble, one of York County’s most accomplished 20th-century women, is the topic of a question in a women’s history quiz put forth by the York Daily Record/Sunday News. Read on to learn more about her. Background posts: OLLI’s theme song: ‘Don’t stop thinking about learning’ and York County Civil War hero grandmom of Gore Vidal.

Test your history knowledge on this quiz about women who achieved on the local and national level (answers below, too):

1. What Puerto Rican-born woman helped found the York Spanish Council and later the first Spanish community center in York in 1974?
2. Who was the first African-American woman to win the Nobel Prize for Literature?
3. When did Title IX of the Education Amendments of 1972 go into effect, prohibiting discrimination on the basis of sex in federally funded school programs and activities?
4. Which female civil leader helped to found the Women’s Club of York in 1904, later chaired the Women’s Suffrage Association and helped start the Catholic Women’s Club of York in 1922? (Women cast ballots for the first time in 1920).
5. Who was the first Hispanic woman to serve as U.S. treasurer?
6. What woman was turned down by 29 medical schools before being accepted as a student, graduated at the head of her class, and became the first licensed female doctor in the U.S.?
7. What “women’s libber” and supporter of family planning helped found the Maternal Health Center (forerunner to Planned Parenthood of York) in 1935?
8. What former slave was a powerful speaker for the rights of women and black people?
9. What York woman published her experiences tending wounded soldiers in the military hospital in York and on the Gettysburg battlefield during the Civil War in The Philadelphia Times in 1883?
10. Which Mexican-American woman was repeatedly the leading money winner in the Ladies Professional Golf Association for years?
11. Who was the first black person ever hired by the York County Courthouse in 1956 and later the first black person elected to a county office (prothonotary) in 1975?
12. What leading suffragist was arrested and convicted of attempting to vote in the 1872 election?
For blog posts on other achieving York County women, see:
Edith Barber.
Katharine Beecher.
Delma Rivera.
Eleanor Johnson.
Mattie Chapman.
Quiz answers
Answers: 1. Delma Milan Rivera 2. Toni Morrison 3. 1976 4. Anna Dill Gamble  5. Romana Bañuelos 6. Elizabeth Blackwell 7. Susan Smith Etnier 8. Sojourner Truth 9. Mary Sophia Cadwell Fisher 10. Nancy Lopez 11. Mattie Mitchell Chapman 12. Susan B. Anthony
Also, see:
A short test of your black history knowledge, Part I and Part II.
(Sources for quiz: Sources: National Women’s History Project and “Legacies: Remembrances of York County Women,” York Branch AAUW, 1984.)