Susquehanna Trail through York County; Wrap-Up
Story of the Susquehanna Trail in the Good Roads Movement: Part 19
Just in time for Christmas, this post wraps-up the 19-part-series on the Susquehanna Trail. Thanks to my readers for the feedback and all the great comments along the journey. Several readers asked the question, “When driving from Harrisburg to the Maryland Line, what roads need to be taken today to retrace the route of the original Susquehanna Trail?”
Front Street in Harrisburg and the following route to York County was the Susquehanna Trail. Travel south on Front Street until making a right turn onto the Market Street Bridge. Cross the Susquehanna River by proceeding west on the Market Street Bridge and then west through Lemoyne on Market Street until reaching 3rd Street. Turn left on 3rd Street, which becomes Bridge Street in New Cumberland.
The southern end of Bridge Street in New Cumberland is the scene shown in the photo where a Susquehanna Trail marker is superimposed. This bridge over the Yellow Breeches Creek, frames Old York Road—the northern Susquehanna Trail entrance into York County.
Today, the original Susquehanna Trail route within York County goes by several names:
- Old York Road : in Fairview Township
- Old Trail Road : in Newberry Township
- Susquehanna Trail : in Conewago Township
- Susquehanna Trail North : in Manchester Township
- George Street : in North York, York and Spring Garden Township
- Susquehanna Trail : in York Township
- Main Street : in Jacobus and Loganville
- Susquehanna Trail South : in Springfield Township
- Main Street : in Shrewsbury
- Susquehanna Trail : in Shrewsbury Township
Upon crossing the Maryland Line, the Susquehanna Trail in Maryland is now called York Road; all the way into Baltimore. When Interstate-83 was constructed in the 1950s, its path closely followed the Susquehanna Trail between Harrisburg and Baltimore.
This is a York County slice from a 1925 Map Book. This map book was published one year after the Susquehanna Trail officially opened. The Susquehanna Trail is designated as Route 4, at the time this map book was published.
The complete name of this map book is: “The Official National Survey Maps and Guide for Pennsylvania, Lawton V. Crocker, Topographer, Published by The National Survey Company, Chester, Vermont, 1925.” The map book contains 48 pages of road maps covering the Commonwealth of Pennsylvania, plus a map index of villages and towns; along with a historical and descriptive guide. The description for York, Pa. within this 1925 Map Book is as follows:
York, Pa., county seat of York County, so named, with its neighboring county of Lancaster, after the two famous ruling houses of England, whose contest for supremacy is known as the War of the Roses, the white rose representing the house of York.
A trade center and a very rich agricultural region, with a large variety of manufacturing establishments, the larger plants producing ice-making and refrigerating machinery, bank safes and vaults, water turbines, artificial teeth, wall paper, roofing paper, pretzels, auto bodies, tire chains, and cigars. Practically no foreign labor.
The leading agricultural products are: vegetables for the canning factories, wheat, butter, beef and dairy cattle, potatoes, corn, eggs, and strawberries.
The Continental Congress, after fleeing from Philadelphia, in the Revolutionary War, met here Sept. 30, 1777 to June 27, 1778.
The 1925 Pennsylvania Map Book contains this description of the Susquehanna Trail, Route 4:
A north and south route across the center of the state, connecting Buffalo and Rochester, New York, on the north, with Washington and Baltimore on the south, via Williamsport and Harrisburg. This route is over improved highways throughout its entire length, practically all of the portion lying in Pennsylvania being of concrete, with a few short stretches of bituminous.
This route is marked by a figure “4” on the state highway markers throughout its entire length in Pennsylvania, and also in New York from the Pennsylvania state lines northward to Rochester. An alternate route from Harrisburg southward through Gettysburg and Frederick is numbered 24 from Harrisburg to the Maryland line.
From Williamsport to Harrisburg the route follows closely to the Susquehanna River. This valley never more than a few miles in width, goes through the ranges of the Alleghenys, which often rise abruptly from the water’s edge for several hundred feet. A free booklet describing this trail may be obtained of the Williamsport Chamber of Commerce, Lycoming Hotel, Williamsport, Pa.
The 1925 Pennsylvania Map Book contains this mileage chart for the Susquehanna Trail. Via the Trail, a journey from York, Pa., to Buffalo, N.Y. was 324 miles going north and 330 miles on the return trip to York; going south. I’m not sure why the difference.
Related posts include:
- Story of the Susquehanna Trail in the Good Roads Movement: Part 1
- The Wellsboro Agitator campaigns for the Susquehanna Trail
- The Susquehanna Trail forks at Amity Hall
- The Susquehanna Trail lands York, PA at the Crossroads of PA Routes 1 & 4
- Susquehanna Trail to Tap the Lincoln Highway at either Gettysburg or York; with Dover route Considered
- Yorkers spring into action To Attract the Susquehanna Trail
- Board of Governors of the Susquehanna Trail Association visit York in 1918
- Susquehanna Trail Association switches in favor of a York Haven route; should York get the Trail
- Establishment of the Susquehanna Trail in York County during 1918
- Zion View gets the Susquehanna Trail; Intersection with North George Street
- Susquehanna Trail extends from York to the Maryland line
- The Road to JOPPA; origins of Susquehanna Trail in Southern York County
- Susquehanna Trail incites a Halloween Jubilee
- The Susquehanna Trail as a Ribbon of Concrete
- York is In Danger of Losing the Susquehanna Trail during 1923
- Newly Completed Susquehanna Trail teems with Historical Scenes
- Agitating for a Susquehanna Trail Celebration
- High Jinks on the Susquehanna Trail
- History of The Susquehanna Trail—Route Numbers
- Remembering Besser’s on the Susquehanna Trail
- Susquehanna Trail WWI Memorial Sycamores
- The Susquehanna Trail: Greatest highway in Eastern America
- Walking the Lincoln Highway from Coast-to-Coast
- Susquehanna Trail Bridges
- Crossroads of the Susquehanna Valley
- Welcome to the Heart of the Lower Susquehanna