Mundis Mill at midpoint of Codorus Navigation
YorksPast continues the series of posts exploring the history of the Codorus Navigation Works. Completed in November of 1833, the 11-miles of canal and slackwater, via the Codorus Creek, allowed navigating 70-foot long canal boats between downtown York and the Susquehanna River.
Part nine explores Mundis Mill; located at the midpoint of the Codorus Navigation Works. Canal Lock 5 was constructed at the dam utilized by this grist mill; then known as Brillinger’s Mill.
This 2017 photo, submitted by Mike Spyker, shows Mundis Mill at the south end of Route 24, Sherman Street Extended, in East Manchester Township. With the roof failing and attic walls crumbling, a modern roof and attic section was added several years ago to protect the original, greater than 250-year old, stonework structure below; i.e. three full floors plus basement. The ground elevation drops off to the back of the building, allowing outside windows on the lower floor and below that floor there are openings in the basement walls which allow water flow to and from water turbines via head and tail races, respectively. A 1945 photo showing the back of the mill and warehouse appears later in this post.
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Most people refer to this grist mill as Mundis Mill; because Mundis family members were the owners for the longest recent stretch of time. In 1920, William F. Mundis purchased from the Samuel Rudy estate: a tract of 29-acres with a 2-story house, bank barn, grist mill, saw mill, mill races, and mill dam. Following the 1938 death of William Mundis, his son Roy V. Mundis operated the mill for many decades. Roy was followed by John and Barney Mundis. It was during the Mundis ownership that the road paralleling the Mundis Mill head race was named Mundis Race Road; as it is today.
When the Codorus Navigation Works were constructed and for much of the 1800s, members of the Brillinger family were owners of this mill. In 1799, John Brillinger purchased 147-acres, with the mills, etc., from Abraham Landis. The ownership string passed from [the 1799] John Brillinger, to his son Jacob Brillinger in 1823, then to another son [of the 1799 John] John Brillinger in 1832, and finally to his son Jacob Brillinger in 1872.
Beach Nichols 1876 Atlas of York County annotates the road leading from the York and Wrightsville Turnpike (i.e. the present East Market Street, Route 462) to Brillinger’s Mill as Brillinger Road. In terms of present road names, much of Brillinger Road was renamed Mt. Zion Road, except for the stretch renamed North Sherman Street closer to Codorus Creek.
Additional details about Brillinger’s/Mundis Mill and canal Lock 5 are provided following an index to the first eight parts of this series.
The links to the other posts in this series follow:
- Part 1. In Search of the Codorus Canal.
- Part 2. Codorus Navigarion canal design details.
- Part 3. Loucks Mill key to Codorus Canal.
- Part 4. Codorus Navigation canal cut north of York.
- Part 5. Navigating the Codorus via canal locks.
- Part 6. Small’s Codorus Mill at Canal Lock No. 3
- Part 7. Myers Mill and Codorus Navigation Lock No. 4
- Part 8. Premier of Codorus Navigation Works presentation
- Part 10. Codorus Navigation illustrated
- Part 11. Triplet Locks on Codorus Navigation Works
- Part 12. Codorus Navigation stonework at Dee Run
Introductory post provides general Codorus Canal history from 1907 and 1886 histories of York County, PA.
Post provides design details of the Codorus Navigation canal gleaned from old newspapers.
Post explores pertinent history of Loucks Mill.
Post explores the nine-tenths of a mile long canal cut; located just north of York.
Post provides a visualization of the area surrounding Locks 1 & 2 of the Codorus Navigation Company.
Post explores Small’s Codorus Mill; built concurrently with Dam No. 3 and Lock No. 3 of the Codorus Navigation Company.
Post explores Myers Mill; enlarged soon after nearby Dam No. 4 was raised in conjunction with building Lock No. 4 on the Codorus Navigation Canal.
Post explores the July 4, 1832 opening of the initial phase of the Codorus Navigation Works to Barnitz’s Spring.
Post features an illustration highlighting the location of the principle features of the Codorus Navigation Works between York and the Susquehanna River.
Post explores the 3-Rise Staircase Locks 6, 7 & 8; required to travel by the highest dam on the Codorus Navigation Works.
Post explores Dam 7 and Lock 9; located near the canal bridge spanning Dee Run on the Codorus Navigation Works.
The following illustration is a visualization of the location of Codorus Navigation Works Dam No. 5 and Lock No. 5 with respect to Brillinger’s Mill. This visualization is via my assessment of the whole of my research, which included historic aerial photos; such as the attached 1937 aerial photo, covering the same area as my 1833 illustration.
Lock 5, in the 1833 illustration, is required to lower, or raise, a canal boat 7-feet height; i.e. 329-feet minus 322-feet; the elevations of the slackwater pools on either side of the lock. Lock 5 is located 5.5-miles, via the Codorus Creek, from the West Market Street landing of the Codorus Navigation Company, and located 5.5-miles from the Susquehanna River; i.e. at the midway point on the Codorus Navigation Works.
The 7-foot high Dam No. 5, near Brillinger’s/Mundis Mill, remained in place until it was removed late in 1945. The Mill began using electricity in 1934; although also used water turbines to power operations until 1945.
These two old photos show the front (north side) and back side of Mundis Mill. Even though tough to identify in this smaller size, the people in the 1936 photo were recorded, from left to right are: William F. Mundis; Paul Rentzel, Manchester; Lloyd Heiges, Hallam; Boyd S. Mundis, Dover; Harold Prowell, York; John Mundis, Mt. Wolf; and Roy V. Mundis.
The lower 1945 photo is a view overlooking the end of the head race, next to the back side of Mundis Mill. This photo, dated September 3, 1945, is from the collections of Grant Voaden; which he donated to the York County History Center. Since the ground elevation drops off sharply from the front of buildings to the back side, the three full floors of the stone mill (on the right) and frame warehouse (on the left) can be seen in this photo. Below the lowest floor in the mill, the semicircular opening in the basement wall is where water flows from the head race into water turbines to power the mill.
For a direct comparison, the following 2015 aerial photo includes the same area as the 1833 illustration and 1937 aerial photo. East Manchester Township is north of the Codorus Creek and Springettsbury Township is south of the creek at this location. Lock No. 5 on the Codorus Navigation Works, would have been due north of Central York High School on the south side of the Codorus Creek.
I commend reader Kay Patterson for making an astute observation. She remembered seeing an article that claimed John Elgar’s steamboat Codorus utilized Codorus Navigation to travel from York to the Susquehanna River, however now realizes that was not possible. Kay commented the author of that article definitely confused the canal boat named Codorus (mentioned in Part 8 of this series) with the earlier (launched in 1825) steamboat also named Codorus. See my first link in the following related posts; the steamboat Codorus was operating as a ferry on North Carolina waterways in 1829; before construction ever started on the Codorus Navigation Works.
Links to related posts include:
- York-built Codorus as a passenger ferry in 1829
- Codorus Tow Path Railroad to Chickies
- Story of the Last Covered Bridge in Springettsbury Township.
- York Haven mural of first working canal in PA
- First Working Canal in Pennsylvania was in York Haven