What Was Found at York’s Schultz House?
Tray of items found at one level in one hole of dig
Many thousands of artifacts were found during the recent archaeological dig at the Schultz House, items such as pieces of pottery and dishes, bottle glass and window glass, animal bones, coal, bricks, mortar, plaster and nails–lots and lots of nails. Even a few Native American items were found. I didn’t get to participate in the dig, but I was privileged to be one of the volunteers that spent nearly two weeks cleaning and marking the artifacts. Archaeologist Steve Warfel will spend the winter cataloging the artifacts and present a report to Historic York, Inc., the owner of the house, in the spring. The items will be placed with the Pennsylvania Historical and Museum Commission, also the custodian of the items found in the 1979 limited dig that identified part of the prisoner of war camp.
The four+ acres on which the Schultz House sits was part of the whole tract of 280 acres owned by David Brubaker during the Revolutionary War. Camp Security was located on about 40 acres of the same tract.
It was somewhat disappointing not to find any military-related artifacts, as Camp Security was just across the field. Maybe we shouldn’t be too surprised though. The Shultz House is said to have been a tavern during the Revolutionary period. Even if it was frequented by the guards, they may not have left much behind in the immediate vicinity of the house. The prisoners themselves would have been expected to stay close by the camp. The ones confined in the stockade, which still has not been located, wouldn’t have had a choice. The others, those with more freedom, still needed permission to move about.
Still, the importance of the dig was twofold. First, the Schultz House is at least 245 years old. As a historic house, it is significant enough to warrant exploration. Secondly, there was no way to know if any military artifacts were there without doing a dig. To me, that underscores the importance of further exploration of other parts of the original 280 acres. My hope is that owners of the two large remaining tracts, known as the Wiest farm and the Rowe farm, someday give permission for further archaeological exploration.
Click the links below for more on Camp Security’s history.
Documenting Camp Security.
Another clue to Camp Security.
Camp Security prisoner numbers hard to pin down.
See below for more photos.
A few of the holes behind the house.
Some of the holes on the western side.
Looking toward the barn from the house.
Looking from the barn toward the area where camp artifacts were found in previous digs